The Year of the French, 1798

May 24, 2010 at 8:37 pm (a day in the life, books, news, people, research) (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , )


I have spent the last three days in England 1798 — literally the Year of the French, due to all the rumors flying around about imminent invasion.

The “tour” has been courtesy of Illinois resident Mark Woodford, whose company website, Networked Robotics, is worth a look. Mark’s father recently bequeathed him a diary which had passed the last ten to fifteen years in Charles Woodford’s household as “1798 Diary of a High-Born Lady”. The high-born lady turns out to be none other than AUGUSTA SMITH (née Smith), Emma Austen-Leigh’s mother; and 1798, the year of her courtship and marriage to Charles Smith of Suttons. A true find, indeed. And I owe Mark more than one heartfelt “thank you” — firstly, for contacting me after he identified Augusta as the diarist; and, secondly, for loaning me the diary in order for a transcription to be taken.

Augusta arrived last Thursday, and we’ve spent hours together ever since.

How did the diary come to be among the Woodford possessions? With the death of Charles Woodford, it may be impossible to narrow down: a second-hand antiquarian bookshop? Christie’s or Sotheby’s? Or…?? Where it came from would be a mystery well-solved, yet it points up what I’ve long suspected: There are individual diaries out there (potentially of MANY family members), on random shelves, merely described by their dates of composition because their diarists never ascribed names to their scribblings. (Only in ONE diary — belonging to Charles Joshua Smith — have I encountered an owner’s inscription; although, of course, Mary Gosling penned her name on the “title page” of her earliest travel diary, dated 1814. That simple act of possession unravelled this entire historical puzzle.)

May this diary of Augusta’s be the first of many such “discoverings”!

Although I have now completed a preliminary transcription (proofing to come!), a year in someone’s life can be overwhelming to describe in a few paragraphs, never mind a few words. And a few words will right now have to suffice.

The year begins with young Augusta at home, at Erle Stoke Park, Wiltshire — home of Joshua and Sarah (née Gilbert) Smith. Her father was a Member of Parliament (for Devizes); her soon-to-be fiancé also sits in the House of Commons. Between the two men as sources for political bulletins, Augusta punctuates her diary with news of Buonaparte, French troop movements, taxation laws, and Nelson Naval Victories. One interesting item: she writes of visiting Mrs Davison — this would be Harriot Davison, née Gosling: sister to William Gosling (father to my diarist Mary Gosling) and wife of Nelson’s confidant, Alexander Davison of Swarland.

Mrs Davison is a shadowy figure; she had already died by the time Mary’s diaries begin (1829). Charles, whose diaries begin the year he and Mary married (1826), mentions her just once: when they hear of her death (28 October 1826).

From Augusta Smith’s entry on January 2nd — where she makes notation of a rumor: that the French were building a RAFT (700 feet long by 350 feet wide) “for an Invasion on England” (on the opposite page, written down who-knows-when, is the bold negation: “N.B. this report proved false.”) — to her comments surrounding news of Nelson’s Nile Victory towards the end of the year, we now get a spine-chilling glimpse at how unsettled life for the English living near the coast could be.

More later!

2 Comments

  1. Lugene Bruno said,

    I found a link to your blog when searching for information about Dorothy Widdrington (née Davison). Where I work, we have original botanical watercolors by Dorothy initialed with DD, DDC and DW (denoting her maiden name, her married name Cook (Samuel Edward Cook) and her name once he assumed the name Widdrington in 1840. You mention that there are entries in Mary Gosling’s diary about Dorothy and her Davison siblings and about Samuel her husband. I am just beginning my search to place Dorothy (d. 1864) in possible context to her childhood and her later travels with her husband in Italy and Spain. I would be most appreciative of any references to Mary Gosling’s diary to further my research. With appreciation.

    • Janeite Kelly said,

      I’m so glad that you found the link – it’s exciting to hear about the existence of Dorothy’s botanicals!

      The diaries that I deal with are typically “comings and goings”. So it will be more that she is present at dinner than anything else. Mary’s diaries begin in 1829 (if earlier diaries existed or exist still, I have not come across them).

      I will reach out via email, for there are some resources that you may find useful. And I’d *love* to hear more about Dorothy’s artwork!

      Have you seen those pieces that were once up for auction at Christie’s? Alas, the last time I’ve looked up the online “catalogue”, the text was present, but no images. (Though, sometimes, images can be unearthed.)

      I’ll be in touch – and thank you for contacting me.

      k

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